Category Archives: Evidence Center Research Summaries

Neck Pain and Associated Disorders in Adults – 2019

A literature synthesis of Neck Pain and Associated Disorders in Adults — an academically rigorous analysis of all the available scientific literature using internationally accepted tools to rate each article according to specific criteria indicating only what we can conclude with supportable, scientific evidence.

Soft Tissue – 2019

Soft Tissue Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) A 2017 prospective study1 was conducted to assess the effects of a multimodal rehabilitation protocol in different body regions for pain associated with MPS. Statistically significant and clinically relevant reductions in pain intensity were reported following the combination treatment of dry needling, spray and stretching, Kinesio taping, eccentric exercise […]

Pregnancy & Labor – 2019

A literature synthesis of chiropractic treatment during Pregnancy & Labor — an academically rigorous analysis of all the available scientific literature using internationally accepted tools to rate each article according to specific criteria indicating only what we can conclude with supportable, scientific evidence.

Cost-Effectiveness – 2019

A literature synthesis of Cost Effectiveness of various conditions — an academically rigorous analysis of all the available scientific literature using internationally accepted tools to rate each article according to specific criteria indicating only what we can conclude with supportable, scientific evidence.

Wellness, Prevention and Health Promotion – 2019

A literature synthesis of Wellness, Prevention, and Health Promotion — an academically rigorous analysis of all the available scientific literature using internationally accepted tools to rate each article according to specific criteria indicating only what we can conclude with supportable, scientific evidence.

Safety and Adverse Events – 2019

A literature synthesis of Safety & Adverse Events — an academically rigorous analysis of all the available scientific literature using internationally accepted tools to rate each article according to specific criteria indicating only what we can conclude with supportable, scientific evidence.

Non-Musculoskeletal Conditions – 2019

A literature synthesis of Non-Musculoskeletal Conditions — an academically rigorous analysis of all the available scientific literature using internationally accepted tools to rate each article according to specific criteria indicating only what we can conclude with supportable, scientific evidence.

Neck Pain

Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) for neck pain and associated disorders in adults This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years Guidelines A 2016 clinical practice guideline1 for the treatment of neck pain and associated disorders (NAD) and whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) concluded that in general, a multimodal treatment approach is an effective strategy […]

Lower Extremity

Lower Extremity This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years Osteoarthritis and Pain of the Lower Extremity A 2015 review on osteoarthritis (OA) found that land-based exercise for the hip reduced pain and improved physical function immediately after treatment with improvements sustained for 3-6 months. Additionally, exercise is recommended for the treatment […]

Low Back Pain

Low Back Pain This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years Guideline A 2016 evidence-informed and consensus-driven guideline provided an update of the best practice recommendations for chiropractic management of low back pain (LBP). To substantiate care, a definite improvement in a patient’s functional capacity should be documented using a measurable outcome, […]

Integrative Care

Integrative Care This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years A 2016 survey of nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) found conflicting results as to whether respondents viewed chiropractic as mainstream or alternative. Most participants reported having a lack of awareness of current scientific evidence for chiropractic but also indicated a […]

Headache

Headache This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years In an update of the Bone and Joint Decade Task Force on Neck Pain and its Associated Disorders, the authors examined the effectiveness of conservative interventions for the management of headaches associated with neck pain.1 They concluded that all management should include exercises. […]

Special Populations — Geriatrics

Special Populations–Geriatrics This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years General A 2017 update of a set of “best practices” recommendations for chiropractic care for older adults described a comprehensive approach to chiropractic care for older adults.1 Physical Activity and Exercise A 2012 expert commentary found that aerobic exercise and strength training […]

Diagnostic Imaging

Diagnostic imaging This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years. Current recommendations The most current evidence-based diagnostic imaging practice guidelines for chiropractors1 and primary care physicians2, 3 do not recommend the routine use of imaging for patients seeking an evaluation of their low back pain (LBP). Even though management approaches are different […]

Cost-Effectiveness

Cost-effectiveness and utilization of chiropractic care This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years. Cost effectiveness Low back and/or neck pain Combined physical and psychological treatments, medical yoga, information and education programs, spinal manipulation and acupuncture are likely to be cost-effective options for low back pain (LBP).1 A 2016 cohort study found […]

Wellness Care

Wellness, health promotion and prevention This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years General A 2012 analysis of National Health Interview Survey data on wellness-related use of complementary health care found that “users of natural product supplements and yoga were more likely to have reported using the approach for a wellness reason […]

Non-Musculoskeletal

Non-Musculoskeletal Conditions This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years Effect of mobilization on autonomic nervous system A 2014 systematic review found that evidence suggests that spinal mobilization in asymptomatic populations has an excitatory effect on the sympathetic nervous system, regardless of which segment is mobilized.1 Asthma The 2014 update of the […]

Safety

Safety of Spinal Manipulative Therapy/Chiropractic Care This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years Cervical spine manipulation and stroke A 2015 systematic review stated: “We found no evidence for a causal link between chiropractic care and CAD [cervical artery dissection]. This is a significant finding because belief in a causal link is […]

Upper Extremity

Upper Extremity This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years. Shoulder Rotator cuff (RC) and associated disorders (e.g., impingement, subacromial pain) One 2016 meta-anlysis1 reported that scapular-focused approaches (SFA) provided benefit over generalized approaches up to 6 weeks following treatment. Although these early changes in pain were statistically significant, they were not […]

Soft Tissue

Soft Tissue This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years. Trigger points and myofascial pain syndrome A 2015 systematic review of randomized control trials (RCT) found seven studies that demonstrated that myofascial release (MFR) with conventional physiotherapy is more effective than a control group receiving no treatment for various conditions.1 A 2016 […]

Special Populations — Pregnancy

Special Populations—Pregnancy This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years Pelvic floor function A very small, preliminary, comparative study aimed to evaluate whether 1 session of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) would alter pelvic floor muscle function.1 Eleven pregnant women in their 2nd trimester were compared to 15 non-pregnant women using ultrasonographic imaging […]

Special Populations — Pediatrics

Special Populations—Pediatrics This page only includes articles published in the last 5 years General A 2015 analysis of National Health Interview Survey data found that use of CAM among children ages 4-17 did not increase between 2007 and 2012. Chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation; yoga, tai chi, or qi gong were the most commonly used CAM […]